Art is politics and politics is art in this study of post–World War I caricature art in Egypt and Egyptian politics. This book explores the complex meaning and significance of caricature art drawn to support the ascendant Egyptian Wafdpolitical party and its push for independence from British colonial control. The works of previously neglected Egyptian lithographers are also explored, especially those who adopted sophisticated European techniques while experimenting with a variety of new styles during a remarkable period in Egyptian history.Caricature art by Wafd party artists was almostsui generis. It is distinguished especially by its sincere use of iconic, folkloric imagery, intended to rally nationalistic sentiments among an emerging Egyptian electorate that included many nonliterate citizens. Cannon’s research breathes new life into an influential yet largely forgotten artistic movement in Egypt, one that deserves recognition for its contribution to Egypt’s share of modern Middle East cultural history. Includes full color reproductions.
Table of Contents:
Note on Transliteration
1. General Egyptian Historical Background to 1914
2. The Career of Saad Pasha Zaghlul and Early Postwar Wafd Politics
3. Political Caricature and Folk Imagery in the Nineteenth Century: Were European Prototypes Transferable to the Non-European World?
4. Punch Satirical Prototypes “Exported” to Culturally Restricted Audiences beyond Europe: The Awadh Punch in India, Egypt’s Abou Naddara, and al-Siyâsa al-muṣawwara (the Cairo Punch)
5. “Real Precedents”: Popular Non-Political/Non-Satirical Posters by the Cairo Punch and Lesser-Known Lithographers
6. Wafd Political Posters, 1919–1923: A Culmination of Preexisting Symbolism and Folk Imagery
Conclusion: Evolving Stages of Caricature by the Mid-1920s: Sophisticated Satirical Comics and Daily Imagery
Praise and Reviews:
—Donald M. Reid, author of Contesting Antiquity in Egypt: Archaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for Identities from World War I to Nasser
—Eliane Ursula Ettmüller, Centre for Transcultural Studies, Heidelberg University