Paleoindian Lifeways of the Cody Complex represents the first synthesis in the more than fifty year history of one of the most important Paleoindian cultural traditions in North America. Research on the Cody complex (~10,000–8,000 radiocarbon yrs B.P.) began in the 1940s; however, until now publications have focused almost exclusively on specific sites, issues of projectile point technology and typology, and bison hunting. This volume provides fresh perspectives and cutting-edge research that significantly increases our understanding of the Cody complex by focusing more squarely on the human behaviors that created the archaeological record, rather than on more strictly technical aspects of the artifacts and faunal remains.
Because the Cody complex extends from the central Canadian plains to the Gulf of Mexico and from Nevada to the eastern Great Lakes—making it second only to Clovis in geographical expanse—this volume will appeal to a wide range of North American archaeologists. Across this broad geographic distribution, the contributors address hunter-gatherer adaptive strategies from diverse ecosystems at the onset of the Holocene, which will also make it of interest to human ecologists and paleoenvironmental researchers. Paleoindian Lifeways of the Cody Complex provides an innovative synthesis of a well-known but little-studied cultural tradition that opens the door for a new generation of exciting research.
Edward J. Knell is an assistant professor of anthropology at California State University, Fullerton.
Mark P. Muñiz is an associate professor of anthropology at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota.
Table of Contents:
List of Figures
List Of Tables
I - The Cody Complex
1. Introducing The Cody Complex - Edward J. Knell and Mark P. Muñiz
II - Cody Complex Environment and Faunal Context
2. Paleoenvironmental Change and Cultural Ecology of The Cody Complex on the Great Plains and Adjacent Rocky Mountains - Mark P. Muñiz
3. Evolution of the High Plains Paleoindian Landscape: The Paleoecology of Great Plains Faunal Assemblages - Chris Widga
4. Sticking It to the Bison: Exploring Variation in Cody Bison Bonebeds - Matthew E. Hill Jr.
III - The Cody Complex In Site And Regional Context
5. Cody Complex Land Use in Western North Dakota and Southern Saskatchewan - Matthew J. Root, Edward J. Knell, and Jeb Taylor
6. A Review of The Cody Complex in Alberta - Robert J. Dawe
7. Cody in the Rockies: The Mountain Expression of a Plains Culture Complex - Matthew E. Hill Jr. and Edward J. Knell
8. Way Out West: Cody Complex Occupations from the Northwestern Great Basin - Daniel S. Amick
IV - Modeling Cody Complex Lifeways and Reevaluating The Cody Complex as an Archaeological Construct
9. Cody Complex Land Use Organization on the Northwestern Great Plains - Edward J. Knell
10. Managing Risk on the Western Plains During The Cody Complex - Mark P. Muñiz
11. The Scottsbluff Bison Quarry Site: Its Place in The Cody Complex - Ruthann Knudson
V - Perspectives On The Cody Complex
12. A Cody Future: Comments - Douglas B. Bamforth
Appendix: Cody Site Summary for Alberta
List of Contributors
Praise and Reviews: