OP#17 Excavations at Aspen Shelter

A Deer Hunting Camp on the Old Woman Plateau

Aspen Shelter on the Old Woman Plateau in central Utah was a hub of deer hunting activity from 4,000 years ago until the end of the Fremont era, about AD 1200. Thousands of deer bones discarded at the site are evidence of these early hunters’ success. In addition to the faunal remains, excavators uncovered two small house basins with central hearths and reflector stones dating to the Late Archaic period. Projectile points and miscellaneous butchering tools are common, as are milling tools and plant macrophytes. The Aspen Shelter occupation complements Sudden Shelter, a few miles south, where use ceased by the Late Archaic.

Table of Contents:
List of Figures
List of Tables
  Environments and Site Description
  Previous Archaeological Research in the Region
  Research Questions at Aspen Shelter
  Culture History
  Settlement and Subsistence
  Research Hypotheses

Site Excavations, Dating, Stratigraphy and Feature Descriptions
  Excavation Methods
  Stratigraphy and Feature Descriptions
  Stratigraphic Summary

Material Culture
  Chipped Stone
  Worked Bone
  Ground Stone
  Unmodified Vertebrate Faunal Remains
  Taphonomic Issues
  Mortality Profiles for Deer
  Descriptive Summary
  Faunal Remains Summary
  Macrobotanical Remains
  Taxa Represented and Ethnobotanical Uses

  Site Chronology and Culture Hisotry
  Subsistence and Season of Site Use
  Site Function and Mobility STreategies
  Comparative Discussion
  Summary and Conclusions

Appendix A
Appendix B