Mopan Maya-Spanish-English Dictionary

Charles Andrew Hofling

Smithsonian-Utah Publications in American Indian Languages

Lyle Campbell and Ives Goddard


This is highly valuable dictionary of the Mopan (Mayan) language. In addition to its many entries, it also provides an introductory grammatical description, as well as general dictionary features such as parts of speech, examples, cross-references, variant forms, homophones, and indexes. The book also contains special sections on orthography and pronunciation unique to this important Mayan language, as well as translations into English and Spanish.

The dictionary has the merits well known from other dictionaries of indigenous languages of the Americas, preserving knowledge systems as they are encoded in vocabulary and providing valuable information for numerous fields, including Mayanists, Mesoamericanists, American Indian scholars, anthropologists, historians, linguists, students of Mayan hieroglyphic writing, and members of modern Mayan communities, among others.

This is the second book in the new Smithsonian-Utah Publications in American Indian Languages (SUPAIL) series, a joint venture of the University of Utah Press and the Smithsonian Institution.

Charles Andrew Hofling is a professor of anthropology at Southern Illinois University. His areas of interest are Mayan languages, historical linguistics, and language revitalization. He is the author of Itzaj Maya Grammar.

Table of Contents:

Mopan Maya-Spanish-English Dictionary

Diccionario Maya Mopan-Español-Ingles

Charles Andrew Hofling

With the assistance of /con la asistencia de

Narcizo Asij

Ofelia Asis Cajbon

Juan Luís Rodriguez

Romelia Tzuncal Ba

Nicolás P. Tzuncal

Félix Fernando Tesucún

Serbelio de Jesús Chiac Cohuoj

Hilario Yaxcal

Juan Idelfonso Coj Ical

Inocensio Cajbon Sunkal

María Veronica Pan Choc

Contents / Indice

Acknowledgments /Agradecimientos       


History of the Mopan Maya Dictionary Project

Elicitation Tools



1. Orthography and Pronunciation

1.1. Alphabetic Order

1.2. Phonetic Description and Pronunciation

1.2.1. Features of Articulation

1.2.2. Pronunciation Guide Phonetic Values of the Alphabet

1.2.3. Orthographic Equivalencies

1.2.4. Phonological Processes (Pronunciation Changes) Stress /l/ /'/(Glottal Stop) /j/ Nasal Consonants /b'/ Vowel Length Vowel Harmony and Disharmony Reduplication Spanish Loans

2. Database Format

3. General Features of Dictionary Entries

3.1. Entry Form

3.2. Part of Speech

3.3. Homophones

3.4. Polyvalent Roots

3.5. Borrowings

3.6. Spanish Gloss

3.7. English Gloss

3.8. Examples

3.9. Notes

3.10. Starred Forms

3.11. Cross References

3.11.1. Variant Forms

3.11.2. Cross References to Roots and Other Related Entries Flora and Fauna Cross References

3.11.3. Synonyms

3.12. Indexes


4. Grammatical Sketch with Emphasis on Features of Lexical Entries

4.0. Detailed Contents

4.1. Person Markers and Pronouns

4.2. Verbs and Verb Phrases

4.3. Adjectives, Adverbs and Participles

4.4. Nouns and Noun Phrases

4.5. Numerals

4.6. Particles

4.7. Expletives and Exclamations

5. Root Type Paradigms

6. Indexes                                                                                                                 

6.1. Index of Mayan Roots

6.2. Spanish-Mopan Index

6.3. English-Mopan Index


Historia del proyecto del Diccionario Maya Mopan

Instrumentos de elicitación


1. Orthografía y pronunciación

1.1. Orden alfabético

1.2. Descripción fonético y pronunciación

1.2.1. Rasgos de articulación

1.2.2. Guía de pronunciación Valores fonéticos del alfabeto

1.2.3. Equivalencias Ortográficas

1.2.4. Procesos fonológicos (cambios de pronunciación) Acento /l/ /'/ (Oclusivo glotal) /j/ Consonantes nasales /b'/ Vocal larga Armonía e inarmonía de vocales Reduplicación Préstamos del español

2. Formato de la base de datos

3. Rasgos generales de las entradas en el diccionario

3.1. Conformación de las endradas

3.2. Parte de la oración

3.3. Homónimos

3.4. Raíces polivalentes

3.5. Préstamos

3.6. Glosa en español

3.7. Glosa en inglés

3.8. Ejemplos

3.9. Notas

3.10. Formas con asterisco (formas no usadas)

3.11. Referencias

3.11.1. Variantes

3.11.2. Referencias sobre raíces y otras entradas relacionadas Referencias a flora y fauna

3.11.3. Sinónimos

3.12. Indices


4. Bosquejo grammatical con énfasis sobre rasgos de entradas léxicas

4.0. Indice detallado

4.1. Marcadores de persona y pronombres

4.2. Verbos y frases verbales

4.3. Adjetivos, adverbios y participios

4.4. Nombres y frases nominales 

4.5. Numerales

4.6. Partículas

4.7. Expletivos y exclamaciones

5. Paradigmas según el tipo de raíz

6. Indices

6.1. Indice de raíces Mayas

6.2. Indice español-Mopan

6.3. Indice inglés-Mopan






INDEXES / INDICES                                                                                            

Mayan Root Index

Indice de Raíces Mayas

Spanish - Itzaj Maya Index

Indice Español-Mopan

English - Itzaj Maya Index