Humans have occupied mountain environments and relied on mountain resources since the terminal Pleistocene. Their continuous interaction with the land from generation to generation has left material imprints ranging from anthropogenic fires to vision quest sites. The diverse case studies presented in this collection explore the material record of North American mountain dwellers and habitual users of high-elevation resources in terms of social investment—the intergenerational commitment of a group to a particular landscape. Contributors look creatively at the significance of social investment and its material and nonmaterial consequences, addressing landscape engineering at different times through diverse theoretical standpoints and archaeological, historical, and ethnographic data from varied mountain environments. Together, these original contributions demonstrate that social investment encompasses timeless ecological and ritual knowledge as well as innovation born from daily practice, tradition, and periodic adjustment to fit new social and political imperatives. Engineering Mountain Landscapes offers both substantive ideas of broad intellectual interest, specific case studies with state-of-art methodology, and a wealth of comparative data.
Laura L. Scheiber is an associate professor of anthropology and director of the William R. Adams Zooarchaeology Laboratory at Indiana University, and coeditor of two books. Her research interests include hunter-gatherer identities, zooarchaeology, ethnohistory, and culture contact and colonialism.
María N. Zedeño is a research anthropologist and professor of anthropology at the University of Arizona, Tucson. She has authored one monograph and coedited three books. Her research focuses on contemporary archaeological theory and North America's hunter-gatherer societies, past and present.
Table of Contents:
List of Figures and Tables
1. Introduction – Laura L. Scheiber and María Nieves Zedeño
2. Central Places in the Backcountry: The Archaeology and Ethnography of Beaver Lake, Montana – María Nieves Zedeño, Wendi Field Murray, and John R. Murray
3. Paths, Places, and Positions: Exploring Rocky Mountain Landscapes as Resource, Symbol, Wilderness, and Refuge – Laura L. Scheiber
4. Engineering Alta Toquima: Social Investments and Dividends at 11,000 Feet – David Hurst Thomas
5. Social Investment in Regions of Refuge: Survival Strategies Among the Southern Paiute of Southern Nevada – Alex K. Ruuska
6. Ethnology of Volcanoes: Quali-Signs and the Cultural Centrality of Self-Voiced Places – Richard W. Stoffle, Richard Arnold, Maurice Frank, Betty Cornelius, Lalovi Miller, Jerry Charles, Gerald Kane, Alex K. Ruuska, and Kathleen Van Vlack
7. Western Apache Pyrogenic Placemaking in the Mountains of Eastern Arizona – Christopher I. Roos
8. Beyond Ethnonyms: Interdisciplinary Research on Mountain Identity in the Sierra Sur of Oaxaca, Mexico – Stacie M. King and Danny A. Zborover
9. Elevated Landscapes in the Northern Plains: Hidatsa Butte-Top Settlements as Places of Refuge – Kacy L. Hollenback
10. Mississippian Frontiers in the Highlands of Southern Appalachia – Shannon D. Koerner and Lynne P. Sullivan
11. People and Mountains –
María Nieves Zedeño and Laura L. Scheiber
List of Contributors
Praise and Reviews:
“This volume elucidates important archaeological and ethnographic cases in which mountains transform, and become transformed by, human agency. The multi-disciplinary contributions document sophisticated landscape modification strategies that range from construction of facilities and features, to innovative high altitude settlements, to alteration of the very rhythms of mountain ecosystems. Only through the synthesis of science and Native domains of knowledge could a book like this bear witness to human resiliency, adaptation, and innovation in mountain cultures.”
—Pei-Lin Yu, author of Rivers, Fish, and the People
“Early in the history of North American archaeology, mountains were seen as unimportant fringes and barriers with little to attract prehistoric populations. This volume joins the growing body of literature challenging those initial misconceptions with solid archaeology and enthnography.…The overall message found in Scheiber and Zedeno’s edited volume is that for people across the West (and other directions, too) mountains were, and still are, central to their everyday lives.”—Journal of Anthropological Research
“Intriguing and informative.”—American Antiquity