Conscience and Community

Sterling M. McMurrin, Obert C. Tanner, and Lowell L. Bennion

Lowell Bennion, Sterling McMurrin, and Obert Tanner were colleagues whose lives often intertwined. All professors at the University of Utah, these three scholars addressed issues and events of their time; each influenced the thought and culture of Mormonism, helping to institute a period of intellectual life and social activism. In Conscience and Community multiple scholars, family members, and others look at the private and public aspects of three lives and examine the roles they played in shaping their communities inside and out of their university and church.
Lowell Bennion was founding director of the LDS Institute of Religion and professor of sociology at the University of Utah. He established multiple community service entities. Sterling McMurrin was distinguished professor of philosophy and history, dean of the graduate school, and former commissioner of education under JFK. He dismissed dogma and doctrine as barriers to a search for moral and spiritual understanding. Obert Tanner, also of the university’s Philosophy Department, excelled in teaching and business and became especially well known for philanthropy. The lives and work of these three men reveal the tensions between faith and reason, conscience and obedience. Their stories speak to us today because their concerns remain our concerns: racial justice, women’s equality, gay rights, and the meaning of integrity and conscience. 

Robert Alan Goldberg is professor of history and director of the Tanner Humanities Center at the University of Utah. He has won multiple awards for his teaching and has authored eight books, including Barry Goldwater and Enemies Within: The Culture of Conspiracy in Modern America.
L. Jackson Newell has been a professor at the University of Utah since 1974, but took leave to serve as president of Deep Springs College from 1995 to 2004. His books include The Electric Edge of Academe: The Saga of Lucien L. Nunn and Deep Springs College and Matters of Conscience: Conversations with Sterling M. McMurrin on Philosophy, Education and Religion.
Linda King Newell is a writer, editor and independent historian. She is a past president of the Mormon History Association and author or co-author of four books, including Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith (co-authored with Valeen Tippetts Avery). 

Table of Contents:
Part I. Introduction and Overview
1. Introduction
Robert Alan Goldberg
2. The LDS Intellectual Tradition: A Study on Three Lives
Kathleen Flake
Part II. Sterling McMurrin
3. The Essential McMurrin: Formation of Character and Courage
L.  Jackson Newell
4. The “Old Orthodoxy”: Sterling McMurrin and the Development of Mormon Thought
Brian D. Birch
5. Fertile Ground, Fruitful Harvests: Sterling McMurrin in Arizona and Washington, D.C.
J. Boyer Jarvis
Part III. Obert C. Tanner
6. The Spiritual Quest of Obert C. Tanner
Robert Alan Goldberg
7. Obert Tanner and the Idea of a University
Mark Matheson
8. Obert C. Tanner’s Mormonism: The O.C. Tanner Company as a Window into his Soul
Kent Murdock
Part IV. Lowell Bennion
9. Lowell Bennion and the Things that Matter Most
Mary Lythgoe Bradford
10. Lowell Bennion, Race, and Justice
Gregory A. Prince
11. Lowell, A Teacher by Heart
Emma Lou Warner Thayne
Part VI. Reflection
12. Public Men and The Challenge of Their Private Worlds:A Conversation Led by Linda King Newell with Carolyn Tanner Irish, William McMurrin, Ellen Bennion Stone
Introduction: Linda King Newell
13. Summing Up: Poised Fortuitously in Place and Time
L.  Jackson Newell
Select Bibliography
About the Contributors

Praise and Reviews:
“In the mid-twentieth century as the LDS Church slid into increasing xenophobia and anti-intellectualism, Sterling McMurrin, Obert Tanner, and Lowell Bennion raised underappreciated but eloquent voices. With robust liberalism, tough integrity, and loyalty to principle, they steadfastly called Mormonism back to its best self. The need for such voices now, in the disillusionment, violence, and fear of the early twenty-first century, is intense. These sparkling and insightful essays come at the right moment.”
—Lavina Fielding Anderson, editor, Salt Lake City

“Inspiring stories about three remarkable friends, teachers and mentors whose Mormon roots deeply influenced their commitment to culture and community. They succeeded in carving out a place within the LDS Church and yet beyond its reach.”
—Grethe Peterson, Emeritus Director of the Tanner Lectures on Human Values 

Conscience and Community is a delightful addition to the somewhat neglected field of Utah’s intellectual history and is a fascinating window into the lives of three men who shepherded Utah through a transition period from ideological isolationism into Utah’s full participation in the national marketplace of ideas.”
Utah Historical Quarterly
“This collection of essays is a rich treat for historians interested in twentieth-century Mormon thought.…The questions raised by this volume and its contributions to our understanding of liberal Mormonism will reward the reader. The combination of scholarly analysis and personal reminiscences remind us that McMurrin, Tanner, and Bennion had a tremendous impact upon their students, friends, and family. Their lives represent a meeting place between non-Mormon and Mormon thought and reveal the creative process by which those strands are merged.”
Journal of Mormon History